Pazzi Conspiracy

A plot by the Pazzi family and their allies to overthrow the Medici family, rulers of Florence.

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On 2016/11/04
Tasha said:
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BEST way to see Rome

My husband and I were on our honeymoon and booked the "Original Rome Walk" for a Monday afternoon on Halloween; it ended up being a private tour with our guide Sylvie and it was FANTASTIC! She was super knowledgeable and funny, and took the time to answer my husband's multiple questions. The tour itself was also great - I would highly recommend this to anyone visiting Rome!

On 2016/11/02
Dawn Everidge said:
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Tour of a lifetime

My friend and I took the Genius of Michelangelo Tour by Artviva and it was absolutely brilliant, the highlight of our time in Florence!! We cannot recommend it enough!! Our tour guide was fabulous, a riveting former art history professor, who brought The Renaissance to life for us as he guided us through Florence. His stories pulled us back to the Florence known to Michelangelo and his contemporaries. The crowds disappeared for us as we were transported through time and were guided to Michelangelo's well-known and lesser known works. Ultimately the masses literally parted for us, momentarily, as we realized the dream of a lifetime, seeing his masterpiece, The David. It was the tour of a lifetime that we never wanted to end!

On 2016/08/06
Bruce Auster said:
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We cannot imagine any other way to visit the Uffizi than with a knowledgeable and entertaining guide. Angelo was both -- funny and smart. He told stories: about the art and the artists and the Medicis and we came away understanding key concepts. We learned a lot and smiled the entire way. Thank you for a wonderful tour.

On 2016/06/16
The Caiarelli Family said:
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Excellent

Our June9,2016- Original Florence Walking Tour with guide Barbara,was wonderful. Barbara was very informative about sights and history of Florence.We really enjoyed her and the beautiful sights. We would recommend your tours to anyone visiting Florence area.Thanks again,The Caiarelli's

On 2016/06/01
Amber Weekes said:
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Everything I wanted and so much more!

I am forever grateful to the staff at Art Viva! My whole life, I had always wanted to see the Statue of David, and I made my request, and it was granted! I wanted to be there at a time that was not crowded so that I could take unobstructed photographs and drink in the Statue as long as I could. Elisabeta was amazing and incredibly informed about the Statue and Florence. She shared with me wonderful places in Florence that I never would have considered. I had my time with the Statue, and I will be forever grateful to her and to Celeste who manages Art Viva. I was so impressed with having my own tour guide that I booked a small group tour for the following day through Art Viva and went to the Uffizi. Lovely as well. I will recommend this company over and over again. I owe a debt of gratitude. I felt so well taken care of and had my dream come true. I was so moved at being able to see the Statue of David completely unobstructed that I cried for hours afterward. Thank you and cheers!

On 2016/05/31
Angelica Blanks said:
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Best way to see such an amazing city

What a wonderful way to experience the best of Florence. Ismael and Elisabetta were charming, funny, and knowledgeable guides. Thank you for allowing us to fall in love with Florence, it's truly a gem.

On 2016/05/22
Maggie said:
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We had an amazing time touring Florence and understood so much more due to the great guide we had with Artviva (Brenda). Being a local, she was passionate and knowledgeable about the history and culture of Florence. Definitely a 5/5!

On 2016/05/10
The Moores said:
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Our tour guide was excellent. He provided a great many historical details about the monuments and building and the way of life in past centuries. He made the city past come alive in a very meaningful way. We could imagine Galileo or Michelangelo walking the same streets. Our 3 hours were over too soon. The guide was from Augtralia, but truly could relate Florence history in a fun way.

On 2016/01/15
Ann Martelli said:
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My family's ArtViva tours on Dec. 22, 2015 were everything we paid for. Brenda walked us around the city center pointing out the architecture, symbols, statues and great places to eat/hang out. Her in depth description of Michelangelo's David was so interesting, even my teens/young adults listened and remembered. Fantastic! In the afternoon, Hilde was our guide through the Uffizie Galleries. She gave an art history lesson that was forever memorable. Again, the teen/20's kids were listening. We got so much out these private tours. Well worth it!

On 2015/11/24
Hope said:
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Great tour, great guide

The tour was excellent. Our guide, Adrianne, was very knowledgeable and able to answer our many questions. She also went above and beyond her duty by helping keep our three-year-old entertained during the lunch so that we could enjoy ourselves without worry.

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The plot was developed by the Pazzi family (with ‘pazzi’ perhaps fittingly translating to crazy/insane) together with other Medici rivals and enemies including Pope Sixtus IV and his bankers in Florence, the Salviati family and others. The Duke of Urbino is also believed to have agreed to provide troops to support the takeover bid.

As with most feuds, their beef with the Medici family was over land and power. Although the pope was very careful not to support murder, he was just as careful to imply beneficial papal treatment for anyone who were to aid in stripping the Medici of their powers in Florence and thus make way for his own advancements.

Thus, on Sunday, 26th April,  1478, an assassination attempt occurred inside the cathedral of Florence – Il Duomo – where brothers Lorenzo and Giuliano de’ Medici were attending mass. Giuliano was stabbed some 19 times, fatally wounding him, whilst Lorenzo was also injured but managed to escape. Further takeover action was abandoned when one of the Salviati and the archbishop became trapped inside a room.

The local population, at that time strong supporters of the Medici family, were enraged. Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence at the time, asked the locals not to enact revenge. Nonetheless, many conspirators and their assumed accomplices were killed.  

The luckier members of the Pazzi family were banished from Florence, stripped of all possessions, whilst others were imprisoned and tortured. Family members of the Pazzi family were tracked down throughout Europe. All references to the Pazzi name, including the coat of arms, were destroyed. Jacopo de’ Pazzi was even thrown from a window before being dragged through the streets naked and tossed into the Arno River.  Salviati was strung up and hanged on the outer walls of the Palazzo Vecchio.

Lorenzo saved the several of the presumed conspirators, including the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV – a cardinal who was likely duped into his involvement.

Despite this, Pope Sextus IV was riled over the death of the archbishop and placed an interdict over Florence, with mass and communion not permitted. He then called upon the King of Naples to attack Florence. Lorenzo took the bold move of sailing direct for Naples, where he was held by the king for 3 months, until he was able to convince the monarch to take the side of peace.

The Pazzi Conspiracy had thus failed, and so spectacularly that the results were a greater support for the Medici and strengthened power for some decades to come.

The Pazzi family eventually got their own when in 1494, Piero de’ Medici was overthrown and many exiles, including the  Pazzis, were allowed to return to Florence and take up positions of power.  

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