Pazzi Conspiracy

A plot by the Pazzi family and their allies to overthrow the Medici family, rulers of Florence.

Artviva: The Original and Best Walking Tours
Average Rating:   4.9
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   Based on 91 Ratings.

On 2017/06/08
Eddie Wong said:
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Ishmael is Excellent

Ishmael led us on a fascinating food tour in and around the famed Mercado in Florence. After sampling tasty pizza dough poppers and lattes, we ventured into the indoor central market (mercado) and met several family owned businesses that sold olive oil, cheese, and other goodies. I'm not a huge foodie but enjoyed the food and learning about the process of aging olive oil and balsamic vinegar. We also had a full lunch at a local restaurant with delicious pasta and oxtail. I can't say enough superlatives about Ishmael. He is knowledgeable, personable and attentive. I would love to invite him over for dinner in San Francisco so that we can continue our conversations about food, music and art. There's so much more than food on a tour with Ishmael. Peace and blessing on to you. Ciao, Florence. We will return.

On 2017/06/04
Marita said:
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Artviva guides set a high standard

I booked Artviva's Original Florence Walk for 5 people and the Uffizi and David tours for three people. Our Artviva guides lived up to their reputation for being extremely knowledgeable about the city and its many wonders and their ability to transmit it all in flawless English was amazing. We really could not have wished for more. It was also great to spread this tour package over three days -- more time to take in all the interesting stories that we were offered. Special thanks to Barbara and Brenda for sharing their passion.

On 2017/05/24
Kathy Harris said:
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Florence walking tour

During a recent visit to Florence I was on a small group walking tour called "Sites and Statues" with tour guide Brenda. It was a delight spending the time with Brenda as she shared her stories and her knowledge of her beloved Florence. Thanks ArtViva for sharing Brenda with us!

On 2017/05/02
John Aldeborgh said:
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Just A Fantastic Tour

We took the tour of the Uffizi Gallery on April 22nd with Loredana as our guide. Just an outstanding way to see the museum as you get the opportunity to merge the art with the history of Florence and the Medici family history. If you love art history and the renaissance then Florence and the Uffizi have to be on your bucket list. Loredana is an outstanding guide, she is very personable and a walking encyclopedia of knowledge on both the art in the gallery as well as history of Florence and the renaissance. A great way to spend an afternoon.

On 2017/04/02
Kathleen O Pierce said:
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We were a group of 6 that had taken 4 tours in Florence and loved all of them. This tour in Rome was significantly different. This tour is not for the faint of heart. It is crowded and loud and tiring. I would never do it again even though our tour guide, Rosie, was great.

On 2017/04/02
Kathleen O Pierce said:
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Elisabetta gave us the two hour tour at the Uffizi Gallery. She was an EXCELLENT tour guide. We had a group of 6 and she held all of our attention. I would highly recommend this tour and this tour guide.

On 2017/04/02
Kathleen O Pierce said:
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We loved our tour to visit the David with Claas. It is only an hour long, and it is a MUST if visiting Florence. The only issue was that it was crowded and Claas did not hold his microphone up to his mouth, but pinned it on his shirt. There was a lot of background noise, walking to the tour, and inside the building. I would highly recommend he talk slower and hold his microphone to make the tour even better. I would highly recommend this.

On 2017/04/02
Kathleen O Pierce said:
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Our family of 6 spent the day visiting Tuscany with Stefan. We had a glorious day. Stefan was knowledgeable and fun...we learned so much. I highly recommend this tour! Couldn't have been better!

On 2016/11/04
Tasha said:
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BEST way to see Rome

My husband and I were on our honeymoon and booked the "Original Rome Walk" for a Monday afternoon on Halloween; it ended up being a private tour with our guide Sylvie and it was FANTASTIC! She was super knowledgeable and funny, and took the time to answer my husband's multiple questions. The tour itself was also great - I would highly recommend this to anyone visiting Rome!

On 2016/11/02
Dawn Everidge said:
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Tour of a lifetime

My friend and I took the Genius of Michelangelo Tour by Artviva and it was absolutely brilliant, the highlight of our time in Florence!! We cannot recommend it enough!! Our tour guide was fabulous, a riveting former art history professor, who brought The Renaissance to life for us as he guided us through Florence. His stories pulled us back to the Florence known to Michelangelo and his contemporaries. The crowds disappeared for us as we were transported through time and were guided to Michelangelo's well-known and lesser known works. Ultimately the masses literally parted for us, momentarily, as we realized the dream of a lifetime, seeing his masterpiece, The David. It was the tour of a lifetime that we never wanted to end!

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The plot was developed by the Pazzi family (with ‘pazzi’ perhaps fittingly translating to crazy/insane) together with other Medici rivals and enemies including Pope Sixtus IV and his bankers in Florence, the Salviati family and others. The Duke of Urbino is also believed to have agreed to provide troops to support the takeover bid.

As with most feuds, their beef with the Medici family was over land and power. Although the pope was very careful not to support murder, he was just as careful to imply beneficial papal treatment for anyone who were to aid in stripping the Medici of their powers in Florence and thus make way for his own advancements.

Thus, on Sunday, 26th April,  1478, an assassination attempt occurred inside the cathedral of Florence – Il Duomo – where brothers Lorenzo and Giuliano de’ Medici were attending mass. Giuliano was stabbed some 19 times, fatally wounding him, whilst Lorenzo was also injured but managed to escape. Further takeover action was abandoned when one of the Salviati and the archbishop became trapped inside a room.

The local population, at that time strong supporters of the Medici family, were enraged. Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence at the time, asked the locals not to enact revenge. Nonetheless, many conspirators and their assumed accomplices were killed.  

The luckier members of the Pazzi family were banished from Florence, stripped of all possessions, whilst others were imprisoned and tortured. Family members of the Pazzi family were tracked down throughout Europe. All references to the Pazzi name, including the coat of arms, were destroyed. Jacopo de’ Pazzi was even thrown from a window before being dragged through the streets naked and tossed into the Arno River.  Salviati was strung up and hanged on the outer walls of the Palazzo Vecchio.

Lorenzo saved the several of the presumed conspirators, including the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV – a cardinal who was likely duped into his involvement.

Despite this, Pope Sextus IV was riled over the death of the archbishop and placed an interdict over Florence, with mass and communion not permitted. He then called upon the King of Naples to attack Florence. Lorenzo took the bold move of sailing direct for Naples, where he was held by the king for 3 months, until he was able to convince the monarch to take the side of peace.

The Pazzi Conspiracy had thus failed, and so spectacularly that the results were a greater support for the Medici and strengthened power for some decades to come.

The Pazzi family eventually got their own when in 1494, Piero de’ Medici was overthrown and many exiles, including the  Pazzis, were allowed to return to Florence and take up positions of power.  

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