Tuscany is famed for its plush undulating landscapes, its great food and for producing some of Italy’s top wines (Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino or Vernaccia anyone?).
Although only around 23,000 kilometres (8,900 miles) in area, the land of Tuscany is a veritable microcosm, featuring coastal beaches, mountain ranges, lakes, cities, village towns and countryside. There are also more than 120 natural reserves in Tuscany.
Cities and hilltop towns within the Tuscan region include Florence (the capital city of Tuscany), Pisa, Pienza, San Gimignano and Siena – all of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites – plus Livorno, Viareggio, Lucca, Pisa, Prato, and more.
Many important figures in politics, art, science, literature and culture have called Tuscany home. Think Machiavelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli, the Medici Family, Galileo Galilei, Amerigo Vespucci, Giacomo Puccini and Dante Alighieri.
Owing to Florence being an art hub and the birthplace of the Renaissance, some of the world’s greatest artworks are housed in Tuscany, particularly in the city of Florence.
The Tuscan dialect, and specifically that of Florence, was utilised as the basis of the official Italian language.